Credit, time, and personality: The human challenges to sharing scholarly work using Web 2.0
Credit, Time, and Personality: The Human Challenges to Sharing Scholarly Work using Web 2.0 by Sophia Krzys Acord and Diane Harley. New Media & Society May 2013: Vol. 15 no. 3, pp. 379-397.
Funding bodies, the economics of publishing, and the affordances of Web 2.0 platforms have spurred learned societies, publishers, and scholars to experiment with new media venues for scholarly communication. Why, then, have we seen few wide-spread changes in how scholars disseminate research in most disciplines? Drawing on qualitative interview data from the Mellon-funded Future of Scholarly Communication Project (2005-2011), we describe how scholars share their work-in-progress and the disciplinary values driving these practices. We then discuss credit, time, and personality as significant barriers to change across disciplines, and we explore these obstacles through an examination of two new paradigms for sharing: open peer review and data sharing. By situating larger discussions about the future of scholarly communication in the everyday lives of scholars, we argue that integration with disciplinary cultures will be key to the success of new media initiatives.