Globalization's Muse: Universities and Higher Education Systems in a Changing World
Universities and national higher education systems have become Globalization’s Muse: in essence, a widely recognized and worshiped route for full participation in the knowledge society. Research universities, in particular, serve as an unparalleled source of knowledge production and artful innovation, a foundation for modern science, an unequaled generator of talent, and a nearly required path for socioeconomic mobility in the post-modern world. The path to build, nurture, and sustain internationally competitive higher education systems with productive research universities is now a major focus of national, supranational, as well as regional and local policymaking throughout the world.
Globalization’s Muse describes and analyzes these changes in the global landscape of higher education, with special attention to the themes of convergence, competition, and congruity of policies and practices. To this end, this book draws upon the varied perspectives and experiences of a combination of international and U.S. authors. The intention is to help inform lawmakers and the higher education community, students, scholars, and practitioners alike, of these profound efforts of governments and institutions, and to suggest that the United States needs to take stock of a newly competitive landscape and learn from the reform efforts of others. At the same time, this glimpse into a rapidly changing world offers an informative and useful comparative perspective on the strengths and weaknesses of tertiary systems both in the U.S. and across the globe. Many foreign observers have a broad sense of romanticism about the relative strength of the U.S. higher education system, and that of its varied colleges and universities. Here you will find a refreshing dose of comparative reality - a glimpse into a complex and evolving story rooted in a new paradigm in which the U.S. is no longer the clear leader.
About the Editors
John Aubrey Douglass is a Senior Research Fellow - Public Policy and Higher Education at the Center for Studies in Higher Education at the University of California - Berkeley; C. Judson King is the Director of the Center for Studies in Higher Education at the University of California - Berkeley and the former Provost and Senior Vice President of the University of California system; Irwin Feller is a Senior Visiting Scholar at the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences and professor emeritus of economics at the Pennsylvania State University.
Table of Contents
Introduction: A Room with a View: Globalization, Universities, and the Imperative for a Broader U.S. Perspective
John Aubrey Douglass, C. Judson King, and Irwin Feller
I. A Look at the Global Higher Education Landscape
Chapter 1: An OECD Scan of Public and Private Higher Education
Chapter 2: Markets and the Race for Human Capital: Higher Education Systems in Transition
John Aubrey Douglass
II. Fees and Finance: The Conscious and Unconscious Restructuring of Markets
Chapter 3: Size, Share, and Structure: The Changing Role of America’s Public Research Universities
Chapter 4: Market-Driven Trends in the Financing of Higher Education: What Can We Learn from Each Other?
Chapter 5: Australia’s Experiment: Tuition Fees, Student Loans, and University Income Generation
Chapter 6: England and an Evolving Student Fees Scheme: Implications of Raising the Cap
Chapter 7: The Big Curve: Trends in University Fees and Financing in the E.U. and U.S.
John Aubrey Douglass and Ruth Keeling Sobotka
III. Access, Quality and Accountability: A Postmodern Race to Expand Educational Attainment and Research Excellence
Chapter 8: Treading Water: What Happened to America’s Higher Education Advantage?
John Aubrey Douglass
Chapter 9: Widening Participation in Sweden: Expanding Access to Nontraditional Groups
Chapter 10: Fostering Competition and Creativity in German Higher Education
Chapter 11: China and India: A Steep Climb to World-Class Universities
Chapter 12: An Upward Trajectory: Doctoral Education and Scientific Research in China
IV. Science and Technology: New Growth Theory Meets the University
Chapter 13: Evolution of the University’s Role in Innovation and the New Asia Model
Henry Etzkowitz and Chunyan Zhou
Chapter 14: A World of Competitors: Assessing the U.S. High Tech Advantage, the Role of Universities, and the Process of Globalization
John Aubrey Douglass
Chapter 15: University Roles in Technological Innovation in California
C. Judson King
Chapter 16: Bridging University and Industry: Taiwan’s Model of a National Innovation System
Otto C. Lin
V. Organization and Governance: Taking Stock of National and Supranational Efforts at Higher Education Reform
Chapter 17: European Responses to Global Competitiveness in Higher Education
Marijk van der Wende
Chapter 18: Recreating the Elite Research Universities in Germany: Policy Transfer Then and Now
Chapter 19: Governing European Higher Education
Chapter 20: New Management Responsibilities: The Organizational Transformation of European Universities
Chapter 21: Rethinking the Mandates of Sub-Saharan African University Systems